# [phenixbb] twinning

Shun Liu sliu.xtal at gmail.com
Wed Apr 1 08:33:38 PDT 2015

Dear Randy,
Below is the statistics depending on twin laws by Xtriage:

OPERATOR     TYPE       R OBS.           BRITTON ALPHA           H ALPHA           ML ALPHA
-h,-k,l                  M            0.395                    0.089                           0.088                  0.022
h,-h-k,-l               M            0.059                    0.440                           0.447                  0.435
-k,-h,-l                 M            0.404                    0.082                           0.087                  0.022

The second one (h,-h-k,-l) gives a significant twin fraction, indicating an actual twin law (Am l right?). How about the other two? Low twin fraction or no twin? What is the criteria? Which operators should I choose for refinement? Only the second one? Thanks!

Best,

Shun

On Apr 1, 2015, at 12:38 AM, Randy Read <rjr27 at cam.ac.uk> wrote:

> Dear Shun,
>
> There's one thing I'd like to clarify.  Xtriage will list possible twin operators (based on the symmetry of the crystal lattice), and then it will generate statistics to indicate what twin fraction is obtained when you test each of those possible twin operators.  So were these just the possible twin operators, or did all three of them give indications of significant twin fractions?  It's often the case that there is a possible twin operator, but the crystal isn't in fact twinned using that operator.
>
> If you do indeed have multiple twin operators then, as Jacob mentioned, your only option at the moment would be Refmac5.
>
> Best wishes,
>
> Randy
>
>> On 31 Mar 2015, at 17:47, Shun Liu <sliu.xtal at gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> Dear Randy,
>> Thank you so much for your suggestion. Phenix.xtriage indicated that there are 3 possible twin operators, (-h, -k, l; h, -h-k, -l; -k, -h, -l). When I provided twin law=-h,-k,l to phenix.refine (as it seemed that only one operator can be provided), I got lower R-factors than before. Now the question is that: should I provide all the three twin operators at the same time? And how? Thanks!
>>
>> Best,
>> Shun
>>
>> On Mar 31, 2015, at 3:26 AM, Randy Read <rjr27 at cam.ac.uk> wrote:
>>
>>> Dear Shun,
>>>
>>> Phaser does a test based on the moments of the intensity distribution, after correcting for anisotropy and (if present) translational non-crystallographic symmetry.  However, once a test like that has indicated that twinning is probably present, you will get a better result from running a program like phenix.xtriage, which will compare reflections related by possible twin operators and give a more precise idea of the twin fraction.
>>>
>>> Since you’ve managed to get reasonable R-factors (even if they are higher than expected for 1.7A), the twin fraction is probably not too high.  The best thing to do now is probably to run phenix.xtriage to get a suggestion for what the twin operator is, then you can provide that twin operator to phenix.refine, which will then: a) refine the twin fraction to give a much more precise estimate; b) correct for twinning in the refinement.  Detwinning is not recommended any more, because it is better to refine against the original data.
>>>
>>> Best wishes,
>>>
>>>
>>> -----
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>>>
>>> On 31 Mar 2015, at 06:18, Shun Liu <sliu.xtal at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>> Dear all,
>>>> Recently I have got a data set that diffracts to 1.7 angstrom. Images look good. During data processing I did not find anything that looks strange. However, when I was doing Phaser-MR, I got a  warning: “ Intensity moments suggest significant twinning (>5%). Tests based on possible twin laws will be more definitive.” What does this mean? A twinning data set? I still found a solution and refined the model step by step, using the data (20-1.7 angstrom). It seems that the final model and map are acceptable. But R-factors are 0.24/0.28, very high. Does the twin cause the high R-factors? Is there a solution to detwin? Or are the R-factors acceptable for a twinning data set? Any suggestions are appreciated and thanks in advance!
>>>>
>>>> Best,
>>>>
>>>> Shun
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>>
>
> ------